Water is not only a chemical compound which contains two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom that are connected by covalent bonds. Almost 71% of the Earth’s surface i.e. two thirds of the earth’s surface is covered with water. Each and every the existence of whole universe is dependent on water to survive; that is why we also say water is “life”.
Anyone can not think of life without water whether it is Plants, Animals, Humans, and other living things. Water is the most important resource. We require water for drinking, making foods, for cleaning our body & other household items, agricultural use, constructions etc.
The human body consists of 75 percent of water. Water circulates through the body, transporting, dissolving and replenishing nutrients and organic matter, while carrying away waste material. Further in the body it regulates the activities of fluids, tissues, cells, lymph, blood and glandular secretions.
An average adult body contains 42 liters of water and with just a small loss of 2.7 liters he or she can suffer from dehydration, displaying symptoms of irritability, fatigue, nervousness, dizziness, weakness and headaches. Even water loss causes death also.
In spite of having 70% of water on earth, only 1% of water is fresh & usable and other 97% of water is salty, 2% of water is in form of ice in the glaciers & icebergs.
But nowadays, human beings are destroying the environment by wasting this 1% of clean water by various ways i.e. excessive use of required water, throwing garbage into water bodies and careless use of water in their various household works etc.
I am sure we all notice one thing in India everyday that at least one tap in public place such as beside the roads, parks etc. is open and water is running out but nobody has a time to close it. The more waste of water is the more we can see drinking water crisis, drought etc.
We have already seen drought in different areas of eight states in India, they are Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Jharkhand. If you are reading this article I am requesting you not to waste water any more from today please. Otherwise you may also able to see the drought in your area in future.
You can save this precious water from wastage by taking up few simple steps in your everyday lifestyle. These steps are-
- Close the tap while brushing teeth and when you are not using it. You can also save water by fixing a dripping tap.
- Boil only as many cups of water as you need for your tea or cooking. It also saves money and energy.
- Cut down on water use is to turn off the shower after soaping up, then turn it back on to rinse. Using an efficient shower head will also allow you to lather up in less water.
- Washing a full machine load of clothes uses less water and energy than two half-loads. This means lower electricity bills as well.
- Steaming your vegetables using less water than boiling, steaming retains more nutrients. If you do boil, try adding the water used as a tasty stock to soups. Or let it cool and use it to water house or garden plants.
- Water outdoor plants in the early morning or at the evening. This stops water evaporating straight away in sunlight and heat. Water onto the soil rather than leaves. This makes sure the liquid goes straight to the roots, where it’s needed.
- Whenever you notice any running tap in public place please close it.
- Collecting rain water and use it after for household work will also helps to save water.
Take these small steps you will definitely see the result in future.
There are some other benefits of water conservation apart from saving drinking water. These are as follows-
- Saves money
- Minimizes water pollution and health risks
- Reduces the need for costly water supply and new waste water treatment facilities
- Maintains the health of aquatic environments
- Saves energy used to pump as well as heat and clean water
Last but not the least, we all should make a promise that we must save water to save our earth for us and our future generations.
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