“Engineering” we all know this word. We can hardly find any person who is not known to engineering. Almost every father or mother belonging to middle class family in India where engineering and medical degree has become the obvious choice now a day want to make their sons or daughters either doctor or engineer so that they will earn high salary and have a top job in future.In India, A normal Engineering student is pursuing engineering because everybody is doing so and his/her parents also feel the same.
Very few numbers of students get the opportunity to become a doctor due to fewer numbers of medical colleges present in India and fewer vacancies in those colleges. So the rest of students choose the other option that is engineering.
Many of you and I also belong to this category of students. This post is written not to criticize you at all. Through this post I want to describe what is the actual scenario of engineering education system in India.
How much money do you spend on your engineering degree??
How many interviews did you give and failed??
How many days or months do you spend on searching jobs??
Lakhs of rupees are spent for an engineering degree with lots of dreams and hopes of getting a good job. However the truth is different. Most of the engineers are either jobless or doing a lower grade and unsatisfying job. Some of them preparing for government jobs, civil service examination as well as trying for MNCs. some of them are preparing for masters but before that they send lots of time more than 1-2 years. This time is the most precious time for any engineering graduate.
Do you know that according to latest report only 25% engineering graduates in India are employable? This means they can work in the industry and utilize their engineering knowledge. This is because of poor quality of education in private as well as some government engineering colleges. Believe me more than 75% engineers are not fit for industry. But we should not completely blame this 75% engineers. Most of these students are forced by their parents to pursue career in Engineering.
Clearly, something is horribly wrong with our technology education system. I decided to highlight these problems and here are those things that could be wrong –
- Demand and supply: Too many engineering students are graduated every year. Approximately 1.5 million engineers are achieved by India. There is a huge increment in the number of engineers occurred over a decade. However there are only so many new jobs being created every year. Though demand is less and supply is more engineers are jobless.
- Outdated learning: The syllabus of engineering courses is pathetic and backdated. For an example teaching microprocessor with 8085 and 8086. Seriously? Most of the electronics engineers are not known to which latest processors used these days as well as how they work. Not staying in touch with the latest technology could be one reason why engineering students are not relevant to today’s industry. Of course companies don’t want to hire them.
- Lack of knowledge: Very few engineers actually know anything about their field. Education systems of engineering colleges are very poor in some cases. An engineering student can tell the working principle of a device thoroughly but if any problem occurs he or she has no idea what to do. Basically they don’t have any practical knowledge about that device. In some colleges it is found that even the teachers or faculty members does not have proper knowledge about any subject. How can any student learn anything where teacher does not have proper knowledge? Why should someone hire these engineers?
- Bad exam culture: Learning is a continual process and exams are a way to measure the extent of anyone’s learning. It is not the end all. Unfortunately, the CGPA or grade of a graduate is the first filter for the judgment whether he is a good or bad student, and hence students give emphasis on only the exam and not on learning the subject. This results in weak fundamental knowledge. Hence, they become industry irrelevance.
- Theory vs. practical: The current education system has a great distance between theory and practice. Very little of what is learnt at college can be put into practice in everyday life. What is available in the labs for practical knowledge is outdated or does not work properly. What they have to do just take some readings from the given output of an experiment and write a lab copy without knowing why they are doing this and what experiment they are doing. I forgot to mention that experiments are done with experiment kits often. So students don’t have the basic idea how to do a circuit. I have clearly remembered that some of my friends from a different college don’t know about bread board which is widely used in electronics in spite of being electronics engineers.
- Engineers are not robots: Most Indian engineering students are incapable of working without strict guidelines. For most companies, this is one of the biggest problems. Engineers have to think. Not just follow orders like a robot.
These are not unknown reasons. Every unemployed engineering graduate in the country knows these reasons, as they have affected his/her life. These problems have been faced for over a decade. Now, if they still haven’t changed, I don’t expect them to change either.
Government should take some steps to improve the quality of education in Indian colleges. Also the syllabus should be made par to the industry standards.
The quality of the engineering education in India is very poor. Even many Companies have stated that they are facing difficulties in hiring fresher engineers.
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